Thoracic Surgery Department deals with the surgery of all diseases and traumas except the heart located in the thoracic cage. The section called the mediastinum, which is between the lungs, diaphragm, trachea, esophagus, the bones and muscles that make up the thoracic cage, and the two lungs, falls under the Department of Thoracic Surgery.
Diseases Treated by Maltepe University Faculty of Medicine Hospitals Thoracic Surgery Department
There are many diseases that fall under the scope of Thoracic Surgery Department. These diseases are listed below.
- Lung Cancers and Cancer Surgery
- Pneumothorax (Lung Puncture and Extinction of the Lung Caused by Bulls)
- Fluid Collection in the Chest Cavity
- Empyema (Pulmonary Inflammation)
- Mesothelioma (Lung Cancers)
- Lung Infections (Bronchiectasis)
- Congenital Diseases of the Lungs (Bronchogenic Cysts, Atresia Lung, Sequestrations, etc.)
- Hemoptysis (Bleeding in Lungs)
- Metastatic Tumors of the Lungs (Tumors in the organs of Betin, Liver, colon, kidney)
- Systemic Diseases of the Lung (Sarcoidosis etc.)
- Lung Volume Reduction Surgery (Emphysema Surgery -Volume Reduction Surgery)
- Lung Cysts (Hydatid Cyst V.B)
- Esophageal Cancers (Esophagus)
- Esophageal Diverticulum (Esophagus)
- Lung Injuries, Traumatic Pneumothorax (Blunt Or Penetrating)
- Esophageal Hernias (Esophageal Hernias)
- Esophageal Injuries (Esophagus)
- Congenital Diseases of the Esophagus (Esophagus)
- Mediastinal Tumors (Congenital Tumors And Acquired Tumors)
- Tumors of Thymus Origin (Thymoma)
- Thymus Enlargements
- Congenital Anomalies of the Mediastinum
- Thymus Surgery for Miasthenia Gravis
- Mediastinal Cysts
- Tracheal Tumors
- Tracheal Injuries
- Foreign Objects Escaping into the Trachea
- Chest Wall Deformity Repairs (Deformities-Excavatum, Carinatum)
- Thoracic Trauma Surgery
- Tracheal Surgery and Tracheal Stents
- Repairing the Trachea After Tracheostomy
- Thoracic Tumors
- Rib Cage Injuries
- Rib Cage Arch Deformities
- Excessive Sweating (ETS)
- Diaphragm Tumors
- Diaphragm Paralysis (Single and Double Sided)
- Diaphragmatic Hernias
- Diaphragmatic Surgery
- Installing the Diaphragm Battery
- Tuberculosis Surgery
Diagnostic Methods Used in Maltepe University Faculty of Medicine Hospitals Department of Thoracic Surgery
It is the method used to sample the lesions in the esophagus and to remove foreign bodies there. In this method, the patient's esophagus is entered.
In this procedure, the mediastinum region, located between the patient's two lungs, is entered.
The purpose of mediastinoscopy is to collect samples from lesions located in this region, especially from lymph nodes.
It is a method used to clean the bronchus, to remove foreign bodies in it and to take a biopsy from the lesions. In this procedure, it is entered through the patient's trachea.
It is a surgical method used for sampling from lesions that cannot be reached in the mediastinum region.
Treatment Methods Applied in the Department of Thoracic Surgery
In Maltepe University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Thoracic Surgery, two different treatment methods, open and closed, are applied according to the condition of the patient and the lesion.
In the open surgery method, the thoracic cavity is entered between the two ribs of the patient. After the surgical procedure is completed, the patient's ribs are joined again using sutures. Open surgery is a preferred method when the disease is more advanced.
The closed surgery method is also divided into two different techniques. These are VATS and Robotics techniques.
VATS (Video Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery)
VATS technique is used in patients without excessive invasion and adhesion. In the operation, a 2 cm incision is made first and the thoracic cavity is entered with a camera. Then, it is decided where to enter the special hand tools in order to perform the operation. The operation is performed by making another incision between 3-5 cm.
In the VATS technique, pain and bleeding are less, and the time the patient will spend in the hospital is also reduced. In addition, there is no damage to the tissues between the ribs.