The branch of science that deals with the joint and structures such as the membrane, muscle and bone that covers the joint, determines and treats rheumatism and painful rheumatic processes that may occur in these structures and organs is called "rheumatology". There are more than one type of disease in the rheumatology department. Although these diseases have similar characteristics, they also have different symptoms. For this reason, when you encounter any of the symptoms, you should apply to the rheumatology unit.
What Diseases Does Rheumatology Cover?
Rheumatology covers painful rheumatic diseases. All kinds of connective tissue diseases, Behçet's disease, vasculitides occurring in the veins, gout and systemic disorders are within the scope of the rheumatology department. Rheumatic diseases are divided into two as inflammatory and non-inflammatory. Diseases such as herniated disc, meniscus tears and muscle pain, which are frequently seen among the public, are included in the scope of non-inflammatory rheumatism. While treatment is easier in non-inflammatory rheumatism, the possibility of damaging the internal organs is very low.
However, inflammatory rheumatism involving the joints requires a more comprehensive treatment. Among the inflammatory rheumatic diseases treated by the rheumatology unit, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis rheumatism, gout, rheumatism in the connective tissues and familial Mediterranean fever are the most common diseases.
Rheumatoid Arthritis Disease: Popularly known as "inflammatory joint romance", rheumatoid arthritis disease is most common in women. In rheumatoid arthritis disease, which is found in the hands, fingers and joints, inflammation in the blood values is high, and anemia is also seen. In this disease, hand and foot films are taken in order to avoid a permanent joint problem. If left untreated, it is also possible to cause adverse conditions such as deformity or disability in the joints.
Psoriasis Rheumatism: Psoriatic arthritis, popularly known as "Psoriasis Rheumatism", is a type of inflammatory rheumatism. Psoriasis rheumatism, which appears in people with psoriasis, is seen in the spine and movable joints in your body.
Gout Disease: Symptoms such as swelling and pain that occur as a result of uric acid precipitation in the joints indicate gout. This discomfort, which occurs in the hands, fingers and joints, is generally more common in men.
Familial Mediterranean Fever Disease: Familial Mediterranean fever disease, which is generally a genetically inherited disease, is commonly seen due to consanguineous marriages or blood ties. Constant recurrence of fever, inflammation in the internal organs and familial Mediterranean fever are among the most prominent symptoms.
What are the Symptoms of Rheumatology Diseases?
These diseases can be seen in all age groups from childhood to old age. Early diagnosis is very important, especially in rheumatic diseases caused by weakening of the immune system. Joint swelling, anemia, bruising and sores are among the most common symptoms of rheumatic diseases, which are divided into inflammatory and non-inflammatory. In addition, inflammation of the joints and internal organs can also be seen in rheumatic diseases, which bring along a very painful process. If you have at least two of these symptoms, we recommend that you see the rheumatology department.
Maltepe University Faculty of Medicine Hospitals Rheumatology Department
As Maltepe University Faculty of Medicine Hospitals, a professional service is provided in the field of Rheumatology with our specialist doctors. Our primary goal is to ensure that our patients lead a healthy and comfortable life with early diagnosis, patient history and all necessary treatments.