What is Cardiology?
In the simplest terms, cardiology is a branch of science that deals with cardiovascular health. The heart, one of the vital organs of our body, is the organ that pumps the blood in our body and ensures that the oxygenated blood in the lungs is transported to the whole body through the veins. Cardiovascular diseases are diseases that cover this circulatory system, that is, the entire heart and vascular system. The person serving in this field is called a cardiologist.
What are the Diseases of the Cardiology Department?
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary arteries are the vessels that feed the heart. The disease that occurs as a result of occlusion of these vessels due to atherosclerosis in these vessels or fat plaques accumulating in the vessels due to high cholesterol is called Coronary Artery Disease. In the case of Coronary Artery Disease, sufficient oxygen cannot be delivered to the heart. This can lead to heart failure in the later stages. In the treatment of Coronary Artery Disease, which is one of the most common cardiovascular diseases today, applications such as stenting, bypass, robotic surgery are found. Treatment is also supported by medication.
Heart failure is defined as a decrease in the rate of blood delivered to the body as a result of damage to the heart for various reasons. The primary cause of heart failure is the inability of the heart to contract, which is damaged due to a heart attack. Symptoms of heart failure can be controlled with medication. However, it should not be forgotten that heart failure is a chronic and progressive disease. In this respect, the situation should be brought under control in a short time and treatment should be carried out.
Hypertension, also called high blood pressure, is one of the diseases that cause heart disease. In hypertension, the blood carried from the heart to the body exerts a high force on the arterial walls, and as a result of this high pressure applied, heart disorders occur. It is a chronic disease that is common in many parts of the world, including our country.
For a normal individual over the age of 18, the blood pressure range should be 120 mmHg (12) – 80 mmHg (8). If there are values above this value for a long time, the person is diagnosed with hypertension. This situation can cause many diseases in the person in the long run. Sometimes a person may have had hypertension for a long time without showing any symptoms. The absence of symptoms does not indicate that the person is in good health, on the contrary, it continues to harm the heart silently. Various methods are available for easy detection and control. It is extremely important for the health of the person to get support from specialists for the detection and control of hypertension, especially in advanced ages.
A heart attack manifests itself with a sudden feeling of tightness and severe pain in the chest. Its medical name is myocardial infarction. Early intervention in a heart attack is of great importance, and the intervention to be done will ensure that the heart muscle is spared unharmed, thereby reducing the life-threatening risk.
Factors such as hypertension, smoking and diabetes are among the causes of heart attack. Elimination of irregular and malnutrition, getting rid of excess weight and leading an active life can delay a possible heart attack.
Other main diseases that the Department of Cardiology deals with are as follows:
Stroke, congenital heart diseases, high cholesterol and triglyceride, sudden cardiac arrest, heart valves and pericardium inflammation, arteriosclerosis, chest pain, blood clots, cardiomyopathy, pericardium inflammation, heart muscle inflammation, heart valve problems, heart anomalies, Problems with your aorta (aneurysm, stenosis), problems with arteries (peripheral artery disease, subclavian artery disease, renal artery disease, etc.) are other diseases that fall under the Department of Cardiology.
Department of Cardiology at Maltepe University Faculty of Medicine Hospitals
Maltepe University Faculty of Medicine Hospitals Department of Cardiology consists of a large and experienced team that combines a high-level scientific and academic approach with diagnosis and treatment methods equipped with high technology, and offers them to the service of heart patients and healthy individuals.
It serves our valuable visitors with its 40-bed service, coronary care unit, interventional cardiology laboratory and Noninvasive Cardiology laboratories equipped with echocardiography, stress test, ambulatory blood pressure and heart rhythm monitoring technologies.
In our Interventional Cardiology Laboratory, which provides 24-hour uninterrupted service,
- All left and right heart catheter procedures
- Coronary angiography and advanced diagnostic methods of coronary artery disease
- Coronary balloon and stent interventions for the treatment of narrowed coronary arteries
- Emergency treatment of coronary artery occlusions causing crisis in patients having a heart attack
- Electrophysiological study, catheter ablation and pacemaker applications used in the diagnosis and treatment of heart rhythm diseases
- Current interventional treatment methods of heart failure
- Under the guidance of imaging of congenital heart holes and valve stenosis, non-operative treatments can be performed with special devices.
- Instead of the inguinal artery, which is commonly used in catheter procedures, this intervention is performed by using the wrist artery in suitable patients, thus increasing the comfort of the patient and the patient can be discharged on the same day.
- In addition to standard diagnostic methods in noninvasive cardiology laboratories, advanced methods of echocardiography imaging such as stress echocardiography, transesophageal echocardiography are widely applied, academic and scientific projects are carried out and educational activities are carried out on methods such as echocardiography coronary artery imaging, which are still in the research phase.